Zambia has expressed profound concern that Africa has continued to remain outside the United Nations Security Council 40 years after a resolution to reform the Security Council to make it truly representative, democratic and effective was placed on the General Assembly agenda.
President Edgar Lungu told the United Nations (UN) that after four decades of Africa calling for the reform of the Security Council, the Continent has not moved anywhere closer to the agreement with the Council on the fundamental question of universal importance.
President Lungu told the UN Member States that the reform of the Security Council is not only a matter of common decency and correction of historical injustice but also a subject of restoring the dignity of Africa.
President Lungu noted that little or no progress has been made on the reform of the Security Council despite world leaders having called and agreed on the early conclusion to the negotiations during the Millennium Summit in 2000.
President Lungu recalled that in 2005, during the world Summit, global leaders expressed concern at the slow pace of progress on the reform of the Security Council yet progress has remained to be slow.
The Head of State said this on Tuesday when he addressed the 73rd United Nations General Assembly in New York whose theme is: “Making the United Nations Relevant to All People: Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Peaceful, Equitable and Sustainable Societies.”
President Lungu has reiterated Africa’s position that the Continent should have two Permanent Members in the Security Council with all the privileges and obligations that come with the status as well as having five non-Permanent Seats.
“Africa currently remains the only Continent that does not have representation in the permanent category of the Security Council. Next year, 2019, will mark the 40th anniversary since the item of reforming the Security Council was put on the agenda of the General Assembly. I wish to reiterate that Africa remain steadfast and united in its call for two Permanent Members in the Security Council with all the privileges and obligations that come with the status and five non-Permanent Seats. Not only is this a matter of common decency and correction of historical injustice, but it is also a question of restoring the dignity of Africa,” His Excellency President Lungu said.
President Lungu stated that Zambia also supports the call for Non-Permanent Seat for Small Islands Developing Countries (SIDCs) whose challenges he said are unique.
He stated that it is imperative that Small Islands Developing Countries’ perspective should be incorporated as a new dimension to the UN approach to international peace and security.
The President stated that as the United Nations will be celebrating its 73rd anniversary next month, its relevance to the people it serves should continue to be magnified in the promotion of international peace, cooperation and development of sustainable societies free of hunger, poverty and disease.
The Head of State said that he is coming from a Continent that should having been standing tall and moving towards rapid human security, economic transformation and infrastructure development yet Africa’s economic structure has changed very little.
He explained that the effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the African Agenda 2063 presents huge opportunities for the Continent to revitalise its economic growth and further accelerate transformation.
“My Government is nevertheless, committed and determined to overcome the economic hurdles by creating a diversified and resilient economy driven among others by agriculture, tourism and the energy sectors supported with a robust infrastructure development. My Government also recognizes that to deliver inclusive and equitable development to citizens, we need to strengthen mutually beneficial partnerships in the context of South-South Cooperation and with our development partners,” the President said.
And President Lungu has told the UN that Zambia has in the recent past increased its participation in the UN peacekeeping operations and has become one of the major troop and police contributing countries in redressing conflicts around the world.